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I am not one to make recommendations for places that you may or may not enjoy, however my philosophy is walking and wandering the streets will bring unknown treasures to you.

Reach me at tsparks@gmail.com

See Lisbon List Below

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Tom Sparks

The Weird Thoreau | Area X Trilogy

Good review of a most excellent book.

My Own Private Area X

Tom Sparks

Pratītyasamutpāda - Wikipedia

Pratītyasamutpāda (Sanskritप्रतीत्यसमुत्पादPaliपटिच्चसमुप्पाद paṭiccasamuppāda), commonly translated as dependent origination, or dependent arising, states that all dharmas ("things") arise in dependence upon other dharmas: "if this exists, that exists; if this ceases to exist, that also ceases to exist." The principle is applied in the twelve links of dependent origination doctrine in Buddhism, which describes the chain of causes which result in rebirth and dukkha. By breaking the chain, liberation from this endless cycles of rebirth and dukkha can be attained.[1] Everything except nirvana (nibbana) are the consequence of Pratītyasamutpāda, asserts Buddhism. This principle complements its teachings of anicca and anatta.[2]

Tom Sparks

“club effect” & gentrification

2 min read

taken from : Tidy Words & the End of the World: LeRoi Jones Reads a New Yorker Poem

In the creative city model, culture is used to increase value, be it symbolically through images or materialized. In this context, Zukin (1990) refers to “real cultural capital,” meaning spatially linked cultural capital, which becomes a reason for real investments (p. 38). As Bernt & Holm (2005) state, the cultural capital (of artists) becomes objectified and transfers onto certain places; this, in turn, makes access to it easier, as it can be consumed by anyone who enters this space. Ley (2003) examines gentrification processes and how the high level of cultural capital of artists increases the symbolic value of an area and leads to “followers” (other professionals with high levels of cultural, but also economic, capital) coming into a neighbourhood. He uses Bourdieu‟s notions of cultural and economic capital and finds that both of these concepts help to explain gentrification. [ . . . ]

Bourdieu (1999) also describes the “club effect” as a process that excludes according to economic, cultural, and also social capital. Select spaces acquire social and symbolic capital based upon “people and things which are different from the vast majority and have in common … the fact that they exclude everyone who does not present all the desired attributes …” (p. 129). This “club effect” shows that consequences like segregation and symbolic violence can result from a policy that “favors the construction of homogeneous groups on a spatial basis” (p. 129) This can be connected to the creative city concept, in which arts and culture function as enablers for a creative urban milieu, in turn enhancing the city economically and often resulting in gentrification. Artists or “creatives” play an important role here and can be seen as pioneers of gentrification, as they give their cultural capital to a certain district or space. As Bernt & Holm (2005) describe, gentrified spaces become more and more general, losing the specific characteristics that enabled their cultural distinctiveness.

link to Creative Cities and (Un)Sustainability: From Creative Class to Sustainable Creative Cities  by Sacha Kagan Julia Hahn

 

 

Tom Sparks

mångata

1 min read

Robert MacFarlane on Twitter:

Word(s) of the day: mångata" - shimmering path of silver light laid down by the moon on water (Swedish - lit. moon-street, moon-road)

Tom Sparks

Tom Sparks

Tom Sparks

Tom Sparks

Tom Sparks

Tom Sparks

Pessoa Infinite Solar System

1 min read

"Fernando Pessoa is an infinte solar system, made up of clusters of plaanets near and far, many of them still unexplored, or unknown. His life was a continuous self-dividing into new worlds, which he experiences as a frustrating inability to complete his works. In an autobiographical text written in English he confessed:

"My writings were none of them finished; new thoughts intruded ever, extrordinary, inexcludeable associations of ideas bearing infinity for term. I cannot prevent my thought's hatred of finishing."

via: Ines Pedros - os Lugares de Pessoa

 

Tom Sparks

Megalítico

1 min read

Megalítico dos Almendres

Monumento Megalítico

Across the high Alentejo plain are a number of megalithic sites, they range in age from 6,000 to 3,000 years old.

A good list is kept here

Tom Sparks

Miradouro da Rocha Conde de Óbidos

From Pessoa's Lisbon:

Right in front of the wharf he has just left is the Rocha do Conde de Óbido, an eminence crowned with a well kept garden which is reached by two large stone stairways; from the garden itself, at the top, there is a fine view over the river. 

Tom Sparks

Alameda Pinheiros - Alta Adjuda - Lisbon

Location